This post is part of an ongoing series where after completing a sermon series I go through the main points I wish I would have had time for.
In mid August I faced a difficult dilemma. Word had seemingly gotten out to several friends, strangers, congregants and family members that the Church of the Nazarene stands in the holiness tradition. I want to be very clear that we are not more holy than any other group but we do feel a particular calling to think, talk and preach about holiness. With that said, our calling has come with a very interesting piece of baggage that we call “The Doctrine of Christian Perfection.” We believe grace comes with the gift of making us perfect. And we have now spent 108+ years trying to explain to outsiders and each other just what we mean by that.
Over the summer I was asked by several people about the doctrine. And I was in a unique place to both defend and describe just what we mean by “perfection.” I found myself saying, that perfection does not mean faultless but it does mean blameless. It does not mean inerrant but it does mean mature. It does not mean perfect at golf but it does perfect at loving. And, if you will allow me one more, it does not mean perfect at showing our love but it does mean perfect at trying to show our love.
If you are confused, I totally understand. It was the inadequacy of those descriptions that caused me to launch into a 12 week series about holiness last fall. As I went to put those 12 sermons together, I realized that underlying the confusion was a misunderstanding of the gospel. So I decided to split the 12 weeks up into 6 weeks on the gospel and 6 weeks on holiness.
So in mid-October we transitioned from gospel to holiness. At that time a limitation presented itself. I have chosen to be faithful to Scripture. Therefore, I don’t just preach what God “lays on my heart.” I begin every week in one particular passage of Scripture and then let God speak to me through it. The passage I chose for the holiness sermons was Romans 12-16, which I thought was a very concise, clear picture of what holiness looks like. And it is. There is some wonderful stuff in there and I put together some good sermons.
However, Romans 12-16 doesn’t address the unique difficulties of the Nazarene Doctrine of Christian Perfection. So with that brief background in mind, here are some things I wish I would have had time to go over in more detail but which the constraints of time and Scripture prevented:
1. Individual Holiness vs. Corporate Holiness: The first thing I realized when I dug deep into Romans 12-15 is that Paul in that passage offers very little help in understanding how individuals are holy. After much study I realized that Paul is talking about how a community of people are made holy, not one individual. It got worse when I consulted a myriad of other passages from both Testaments and realized that almost always when God says, “Be holy” or “Be Perfect” God is talking to a community, not to an individual. Now there are a couple exceptions but not many. This is problematic because the Church of the Nazarene is almost entirely obsessed with individual holiness and perfection to the neglect of the church. I will be honest and admit I am not sure how individual perfection and community perfection fit together in every situation. There are some things we can say, like “holy individuals don’t steal things and murder people” but if you move beyond that to attitudes and hearts, it becomes a bit more difficult. This is perhaps why I only alluded to the problem in my sermons and then moved on to the bulk of Romans 12-15, which was about the community. But just to not lose my ordination let me state very clearly I do believe God calls individuals to a life of holiness, it just isn’t emphasized as much in Scripture as God’s call to communities to organize themselves in holy ways.
2. The Process of Holiness: Once again, the process by which individual people become holy has been a Nazarene infatuation for the last century, if not more so. And once again Romans 12-16 kind of let me down. The only real process verse you get is right at the top in Romans 12:1-2 and I did spend an entire sermon on those two verses. However, Romans 12:1-2 is more about the process by which a church becomes holy. For those of you who do not know Romans 12:1-2 has some crazy singulars and plurals going on in the Greek text. Paul writes that we should present our plural bodies as one singular living sacrifice. This is your (plural) act (singular) of worship. Then at the beginning of verse 2 Paul does it again. You (plural) do not conform to the patterns of this world but you (plural) be transformed by the renewing of your mind (singular). This verse is not about how individuals become holy. It is about how the church community becomes holy. That is a great sermon but as a Nazarene pastor it left me up a creek without a paddle concerning how individuals become holy and I was unable to address the doctrine of Christian perfection issues.
This post is all ready entirely way too long and heady. However, the entire theme of my blog is about grace and about how God works in my life. So what I hope I have illustrated is that it is hard for a pastor to preach under the authority of the Scriptures. It is hard to go into a sermon series thinking I am going to talk about one thing and then get sidelined when I realize the Bible passage for the day is not about that at all. Yet therein lies the grace. I could preach whatever I want to preach on Sundays mornings and I might get away with it. However, I have chosen to be a man under authority. Therefore I must faithfully interpret what God has provided in the living words of the Bible. Most times that means sidelining my agenda, or even my denomination’s agenda and opening up new pathways into the life and mission of God.