“It is finished.” That is one of the more confusing things Jesus said from the cross. If only we knew what “it” was or is or will be. Does “it” refer to his life or to our sins or to Jesus’ mission or to the reign of evil or all of the above? If only we knew what “finished” meant. Is it “finished” in the way my car was finished when its engine caps cracked or is it finished in the way I finish a dresser top or is it finished the way I cross a “finish” line.
Unlike some of the other things Jesus said from the cross, we don’t have much Biblical context to help us out on this. Unlike some of the other popular ones, it isn’t a line from one of the Psalms. The word “finish” is too common in both Testaments and in the Greco-Roman world for any word study to be of much help. However, the actual Greek word refers to a paying off of debts so there is some help there.
Putting all the confusion aside, the statement is still quite profound. After all, it is not uncommon, especially in Evangelical Protestant Circles, to look at the cross as a beginning and a wonderful one at that. The crucifixion happened in the Spring and so Easter has always been celebrated during this wonderful time of the year when everything begins, or rather springs, anew. This event is about newness, not finished-ness. It is about beginnings, not endings.
Yet here on the cross Jesus declares an end, a last day if you will. And it has not been uncommon in 2,000 years of church history to refer to the time after the cross as the “end times.” “End times” as it was originally used did not refer to destructive times or collapsing times or apocalyptic times. Instead the word “end” is the Greek word “telos” which refers to something reaching its goal or being fulfilled. After the cross, we live in times of fulfillment, the times when creation has reached its purpose. After the cross we stand on the “finish line.”
Therefore, it may not be surprising that Matthew, Mark and Luke record for us that Jesus taught about the “end times” during his last week. The days before the crucifixion, Jesus told stories and taught parables about the end times, the finishing times.
Matthew 25 records two such parables for us. The first is about virgins waiting for a bridegroom. Five forgot to bring oil and so were out buying more when the bridegroom showed, missing him entirely. The others had enough oil and got to join the wedding party. The second parable is about investors. Some of them took the bags of gold the master gave and invested it wisely, doubling their share. One of them foolishly buried his bag, refusing to invest it for fear of losing it. He was punished most severely.
At first glance these parables don’t really belong in Holy Week. In fact, we have another season of the church year where they are taught, namely Advent, which commemorates Christ’s first coming and Christ’s second coming. The church, through the lectionary, has us read these in December to remind us to be ready for Jesus’ second coming.
Yet in their original context they were some of Jesus’ last teachings before taking up the cross and finishing “it,” whatever “it” was.
Therefore, maybe what we need to hear in these parables during this week is not judgment or warning but promise. To be sure, the parables were told for judgment, particularly against the religious elite of Jesus’ time. But we now live in “finished” times. We now live in the time when the master’s presence is with us through the Holy Spirit. We confess that God is here, walking and dwelling among us. But the Holy Spirit is merely a deposit which means God is not yet fully here. We live at the beginning of the “end times” but still with a deposit, a promise, a guarantee of our inheritance.
Therefore, those of us who have spent this week and the entirety of our lives fasting, praying, longing, studying and, most importantly, loving need to hear the assurance from these parables. Unlike those who fall asleep or do not prepare, our oil will not run out before the groom’s coming. Unlike those who have buried their gold in the ground, our bags of righteousness will multiply. Our faithfulness and our readiness to do good will not go unnoticed. In fact, the one who notices and rewards them is all ready at the door!
Therefore, I think I can say with confidence, keep on keeping on. For like the wise investors and the smart virgins, the cross has guaranteed our reward.